This site uses cookies. By continuing, your consent is assumed. Learn more

143.8fm shares

Heterosexual hiv infection rates africa

opinion

Although the continent is home to about Countries in North Africa and the Horn of Africa have significantly lower prevalence rates, as their populations typically engage in fewer high-risk cultural patterns that have been implicated in the virus' spread in Sub-Saharan Africa. Among these are combination prevention programmes, "Heterosexual hiv infection rates africa" to be the most effective initiative, such as the abstinence, be faithful, use a condom campaign and the Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation 's outreach programs.

The most obvious Heterosexual hiv infection rates africa AIDS causes the household to dissolve, as parents die and children are sent to relatives for care and upbringing. Much happens before this dissolution takes place: AIDS strips families of their assets and income earners, further impoverishing the poor. Almost invariably, the burden of coping rests with women. Upon a family member becoming ill, the role of women as carers, income-earners and housekeepers is stepped up.

They are often forced to step into roles outside their homes as well. Older people are also heavily affected by the epidemic; many have to care for their sick children and are often left to look after orphaned grandchildren. It is hard to overemphasise the trauma and hardship that children As parents and family members become ill, children take on more responsibility to earn an income, produce food, and care for family members.

Many children are now raised by their extended families and some are even left on their own in child-headed households.

The illness or death of teachers is especially devastating in rural areas where schools depend heavily on one or two teachers. AIDS damages businesses by squeezing productivity, adding costs, diverting productive resources, and depleting skills. Also, as the impact of the epidemic on households grows more severe, market demand for products and services can fall. The biggest increase in deaths AIDS is hitting adults in their most economically productive years and removing the very people who could be responding to the crisis.

AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: the...

As access to treatment is slowly expanded throughout the continent, millions of lives are being extended and hope is being given to people who previously had none. Unfortunately though, the majority of people in need of treatment are still not receiving it, and campaigns to prevent new infections The earliest known cases of human HIV infection have been linked to western equatorial Africa, probably in southeast Cameroon where groups of the central common chimpanzee live.

Current hypotheses also include that, once the virus jumped from chimpanzees or other apes to humans, the colonial medical practices of the 20th century helped HIV become established in human populations by The hunters then became infected with HIV and passed on the disease Heterosexual hiv infection rates africa other humans through bodily fluid contamination.

News feed